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Incomplete Rational Approximation in the Complex Plane

Borwein, Peter and Weiyu, Chen (1993) Incomplete Rational Approximation in the Complex Plane. [Preprint]

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      Abstract

      We consider rational approximations of the form $$\left\{ (1+z)^{\alpha n +1 } \frac {p_{cn}(z)}{q_n(z)} \right\} $$ in certain natural regions in the complex plane where $p_{cn}$ and $q_n$ are polynomials of degree $cn$ and $n$ respectively. In particular we construct natural maximal regions (as a function of $\alpha$ and $c$) where the collection of such rational functions is dense in the analytic functions. So from this point of view we have rather complete analogue theorems to the results concerning incomplete polynomials on an interval. The analysis depends on an examination of the zeros and poles of the Pad\'{e} approximants to $(1+z)^{\alpha n+1}$. This is effected by an asymptotic analysis of certain integrals. In this sense it mirrors the well known results of Saff and Varga on the zeros and poles of the Pad\'{e} approximant to exp. Results that, in large measure, we recover as a limiting case. In order to make the asymptotic analysis as painless as possible we prove a fairly general result on the behavior, in $n$, of integrals of the form $$ \int _0^1 [t(1-t)f_z(t)]^n dt $$ where $f_z(t)$ is analytic in $z$ and a polynomial in $t$. From this we can and do analyze automatically (by computer) the limit curves and regions that we need.

      Item Type: Preprint
      Additional Information: pubdom FALSE
      Uncontrolled Keywords: Pade approximation, incomplete rationals, incomplete polynomials, steepest descent, zeros, poles
      Subjects: 30-xx Functions of a complex variable > 30Cxx Geometric function theory
      41-xx Approximations and expansions > 41Axx Approximations and expansions
      Faculty: UNSPECIFIED
      Depositing User: Users 1 not found.
      Date Deposited: 16 Nov 2003
      Last Modified: 21 Apr 2010 11:13
      URI: https://docserver.carma.newcastle.edu.au/id/eprint/68

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