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Expectations over Deterministic Fractal Sets

Rose, Michael G. (2015) Expectations over Deterministic Fractal Sets. PhD thesis, The University of Newcastle.

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    Abstract

    Motivated by the need for new mathematical tools applicable to the analysis of fractal point-cloud distributions, this thesis presents a measure-theoretic foundation for the consideration of expectations of smooth complex-valued functions over deterministic fractal domains. Initial development of the theory of fractal expectations proceeds from extension of the classical theory of box integrals (pertaining to separation moments over unit hypercubes) to a special class of fractal sets known as String-generated Cantor Sets (SCSs). An experimental-mathematics approach facilitates the discovery of several closed-form results that indicate the correct formulation of the fundamental definitions of expectations over SCS fractal sets. In particular, functional equations for expectations over SCS fractal sets, supported by the underlying definitions, enable the symbolic evaluation of SCS box integrals in special cases (even-order moments or one-dimensional embeddings) and drive further developments in the theory, including the establishment of pole theorems, rationality results and the construction of a high-precision algorithm for the general numerical computation of SCS expectations. The fundamental definition of expectations over SCS fractal sets is subsequently generalised to encompass all `deterministic' fractal sets that can be expressed as the attractor of an Iterated Function System (IFS). This enables the development of generalised functional equations for expectations over IFS attractors; in particular, Proposition 5.3.4. This functional equation permits the evaluation of even-order separation moments over attractors of affine IFSs, including such celebrated fractal sets as the von Koch Snowflake and Sierpinski Triangle. More generally, Proposition 5.3.4 provides a means by which the even-order box integrals of any IFS attractor generated by means of the Collage Theorem in order to approximate to a digital image, such as the Barnsley Fern, may be symbolically resolved.

    Item Type: Thesis (PhD)
    Additional Information: supervised by Laureate Professor Jonathan Borwein and Associate Professor Brailey Sims
    Subjects: 28-xx Measure and integration
    Faculty: UNSPECIFIED
    Depositing User: Mr. Michael Rose
    Date Deposited: 30 Sep 2015 09:53
    Last Modified: 30 Sep 2015 09:53
    URI: https://docserver.carma.newcastle.edu.au/id/eprint/1681

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