Borwein, David and Borwein, Jonathan M. and Straub, Armin (2014) *ON LATTICE SUMS AND WIGNER LIMITS.* JMAA, 414 . pp. 489-513.

## Abstract

Wigner limits are given formally as the di�erence between a lattice sum, associated to a positive de�nite quadratic form, and a corresponding multiple integral. To de�ne these limits, which arose in work of Wigner on the energy of static electron lattices, in a mathematically rigorous way one commonly truncates the lattice sum and the corresponding integral and takes the limit along expanding hypercubes or other regular geometric shapes. We generalize the known mathematically rigorous two and three dimensional results regarding Wigner limits, as laid down in [BBS89], to integer lattices of arbitrary dimension. In doing so, we also resolve a problem posed in [BGM+13, Chapter 7]. For the sake of clarity, we begin by considering the simpler case of cubic lattice sums �rst, before treating the case of arbitrary quadratic forms. We also consider limits taken along expanding hyperballs with respect to general norms, and connect with classical topics such as Gauss's circle problem. An appendix is included to recall certain properties of Epstein zeta functions that are either used in the paper or serve to provide perspective.

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