On The Rapid Computation of Various Polylogarithmic Constants

Bailey, David H. and Borwein, Peter and Plouffe, Simon (1995) On The Rapid Computation of Various Polylogarithmic Constants. [Preprint]

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Abstract

We give algorithms for the computation of the $d$-th digit of certain transcendental numbers in various bases. These algorithms can be easily implemented (multiple precision arithmetic is not needed), require virtually no memory, and feature run times that scale nearly linearly with the order of the digit desired. They make it feasible to compute, for example, the billionth binary digit of $\log{(2)}$ or $\pi$ on a modest work station in a few hours run time. We demonstrate this technique by computing the ten billionth hexadecimal digit of $\pi$, the billionth hexadecimal digits of $\pi^2, \; \log(2)$ and $\log^2(2)$, the billionth decimal digit of $\log (9/10)$ and the five billionth decimal digit of $\log (1 - 10^{-96})$. These calculations rest on three observations. First, the $d$-th digit of $1/n$ is easy'' to compute. Secondly, this scheme extends to certain polylogarithm and arctangent series. Thirdly, very special types of identities exist for certain numbers like $\pi$, $\pi^2$, $\log(2)$ and $\log^2(2)$. These are essentially polylogarithmic ladders in an integer base. A number of these identities that we derive in this work appear to be new, for example the critical identity for $\pi$: $$\pi = \sum_{i=0}^\infty \frac{1}{16^i}\bigr( \frac{4}{8i+1} - \frac{2}{8i+4}- \frac{1}{8i+5}-\frac{1}{8i+6} \bigl).$$

Item Type: Preprint pubdom FALSE computation, digits, log, polylogarithms, SC, pi, algorithm 68-xx Computer science > 68Qxx Theory of computing11-xx Number theory > 11Axx Elementary number theory11-xx Number theory > 11Yxx Computational number theory UNSPECIFIED Users 1 not found. 17 Nov 2003 21 Apr 2010 11:13 https://docserver.carma.newcastle.edu.au/id/eprint/121

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